Wednesday Wisdom: Dependent Deductions

Posted on September 20, 2017


This week’s Wednesday Wisdom for Public Housing professionals is on “Dependent Deductions.” Ronnie answers the question “who counts as a dependent?” He clarifies which adults a resident can claim.

According to HUD, the mandatory dependent deduction is $480 for each dependent. HUD defines a dependent as “a member of the family other than the family head or spouse (except foster children and foster adults), who is any of the following:

    • Under 18 years of age; or
    • A person with a disability; or
    • A full-time student who is 18 years of age or older.”

You can verify the dependent status using a birth certificate and Social Security card showing the following:

  • Name
  • Sex
  • Social Security Number
  • Date of Birth
  • Relationship to the head of household

Here’s one example of verification of dependent status for dependent deductions. For full-time students, you must “send a verification form to the institution the student is attending.┬áThe institution defines what full-time means for its student population.” Earnings in excess of $480 for a full-time student who is 18 or older are excluded from the annual income. Keep in mind, this excludes the head of household or spouse.

You can find more information on “Dependent Deductions” in this HUD Powerpoint.

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